Archive for the 'Smoking Cessation' Category

Smoking health hazards may pass on to descendants

Some men say they’ll quit smoking after their child is born, a new study indicates a good reason to quit well in advance of trying to conceive. The findings of this recent study suggest that the consequences of smoking extend beyond the smoker to their nonsmoking descendents. While it has long been known that smoking causes DNA damage, this study is the first evidence that tobacco actually causes inheritable male mutations in the sperm. If inherited, these mutations persist as irreversible changes in the genetic composition of offspring.

via Cancer Research, June 2007

Smoking ban linked with decrease in hospital admissions for heart attack

In the five months after a strict smoking ban in public places was enacted in northern Italy, hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction dropped by 11%. This is the second study of this kind to report a decline in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction following initiation of a ban of this nature.

via European Heart Journal October 2006

Smoking cessation drug approved by the FDA

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Chantix (varenicline tartrate) to help cigarette smokers stop smoking. Chantix is an oral tablet to be taken twice daily for 12 weeks. It will be available by prescription only and is not recommended for children under 18 years of age.

The active ingredient in Chantix, varenicline tartrate, acts at sites in the brain affected by nicotine and may help those who wish to give up smoking in two ways: by providing some nicotine effects to ease the withdrawal symptoms and by blocking the effects of nicotine from cigarettes if they resume smoking.

via FDA, May 2006 

Potent carcinogen found in the urine of babies who have been exposed to second-hand smoke

In a recent study, nearly half the infants exposed to second-hand smoke from their parents’ cigarettes showed evidence of a significant carcinogen in their urine. This carcinogen is known to cause lung cancer.

via Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, May 2006

U.S. tobacco use is at its lowest point since the start of World War II

There has been slow but consistent progress in fighting certain cancer risk factors, most notably smoking, according to a recently published report by the American Cancer Society. The percentage of high school students who smoke has decreased from 36 percent in 1992 to 22 percent in 2003. As of 2004 the percentage of adults who smoke declined from 27.6 percent to 23.4 percent in men and from 22.1 percent to 18.5 percent in women.

At least half of all cancer deaths are preventable with about one-third related to poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and obesity.

via American Cancer Society, March 2006
 

Nicotine replacement products such as patches carry no cancer risk

Nicotine itself is a stimulant and not a carcinogen. Cigarettes contain over 60 carcinogens, but nicotine is not one of them.  According to a recent study, many people attempting to quit smoking are unaware of these facts about nicotine. Another common misconception is that so-called “light” cigarettes are better for them. “People smoke to get the drug nicotine, but a smoker actually inhales — along with the nicotine jolt — 4,000 other chemicals as an added-on bonus (including) things like formaldehyde, arsenic, ammonia, and carbon monoxide,” said Virginia Reichert, N.P., director of the Center for Tobacco Control at the North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System in Great Neck, N.Y.

via Chest /MedPageToday, November 1, 2005